The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (www.iucn.org) monitors the world’s plants and animals, monitoring which are threatened and endangered.
The present day’s figures show around a staggering 25% of all mammals and 14% of birds around the World are Threatened. This means that they are either Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable.
If we were to look at bird species in particular, the statistics show that there has been a steady rise in the amount of species considered Critically Endangered throughout the years; with an average of 225 species listed in 2019, compared to 190 back in 2010. That’s almost 2 new species added to the list every year!
So Why are they Threatened?
- Habitat destruction and Fragmentation
- Over-consumption of resources by humans
- Illegal wildlife trade
- Global climate change
- Competition from species introduced by humans
How we are helping
Lincolnshire Wildlife Park is committed to assisting these needs wherever possible; being involved in projects from as close as our own back garden in the Ivanvale Nature Reserve, to Tigers in the Sundarbans in Bangladesh, and even the Sun Conure Parrot located in South America.
The role of a good zoo is to assist, where possible, in the conservation of all flora and fauna both in-situ and in captivity.
We only get one chance to help, so let’s all help animals and plants together!
Find out more on Conservation efforts in-house and around the world below:
Captive Parrot Conservation Program
As more and more species face extinction around the world it is a zoos obligation to support where possible as many programs that have a positive effect on both flora and fauna.
The National Parrot Sanctuary recognises that the Psittacine (parrot) is a very important creature within captive populations and over the past decade parrot populations have decreased massively within the United Kingdom, caused by a number of factors and now the unstable population needs help.
The common species of parrot has maintained its position within captivity through previous mass importation, generating ample breeding stock which in turn produced a significant amount of hand reared specimens for the pet market, sadly the majority of these birds are totally unsuitable for breeding and with the welcome arrival of the import ban on wild birds in 2006, the parrot population has fallen into mass decline with many of the more common parrots almost extinct in captivity.
It is with this fact that it will only be a matter of time before UK zoos are devoid of the spectacular parrot family.
In 2017 Lincolnshire Wildlife Park will chart a new course for psittacine conservation in zoos around Europe by commencing the Captive Parrot Conservation Program this will enable a unique gene pool for psittacines bred for UK & European Collections. Already holding over 100 species, the long term intentions are to increase numbers so as to enable captive security for the common parrot alongside the more endangered species already recognised in the parrot world
This totally new concept is directed towards preserving the species within captivity while benefiting ‘in situ’ conservation projects around the world. LWP shall provide a unique facility whereby it fulfils and encourages the natural reproductive needs of the many psittacines that enter the Park without the worry of overstocking, whilst allowing European collections to have young, parent reared, unrelated, disease free birds to enter their facilities, something never been achieved before.
This conservation program validates the LWP’s Conservation Policy, which states:
“Lincolnshire Wildlife Park will continue to support the preservation and restoration of all psittacines both in captivity and its natural habitats”.
The MFG provides technical support for Madagascar’s Parc Ivoloina, a small zoo and educational center, helping to fund renovations, staff training, improvements in animal care and nutrition, veterinary equipment, library materials, educational projects, and community outreach programs. There are also MFG-supported technical advisors stationed at Parc Ivoloina. The primary goal is to support the Malagasy staff’s efforts to transform the zoo into a showplace for Madagascar’s animals where children and adults can learn about their country’s unique wildlife and the need to protect it.
The second part of the MFG’s strategy is to enhance the protection of parks and nature reserves including the Betampona Natural Reserve. In Betampona, the MFG is leading a ground-breaking project to return black and white ruffed lemurs (Varecia variegata variegata) born outside the wild back into the wild. The local ruffed lemur population needs reinforcements to survive, and the restocking project is the centerpiece of the MFG’s larger program to protect the reserve.
The third part of the MFG’s conservation strategy is to promote and fund field-research on animals, plants and habitats. This work has included not only the ongoing lemur work in Betampona, but support for other studies benefitting such diverse species as the rere, or side-necked turtle (Erymnochelys madagascariensis), the Madagascar pond heron (Ardeola idae), and a wide range of lemurs living in fragmented habitats.
Fourth, the MFG supports and promotes breeding programs outside the wild for Malagasy species, both in Madagascar and worldwide.
The fifth element of our strategy is to undertake and promote rigorous conservation planning in conjunction with the Malagasy government and other conservation groups. In 2001, the MFG and ANGAP (the National Association for the Management of Protected Areas) led a major planning initiative involving species and protected areas nationwide.
Finally, the MFG works to educate zoo visitors throughout the world about Madagascar’s unique biological heritage and its plight.